Cardiff Essentials:

How big is Cardiff?
The city of Cardiff is approximately 51 square miles in size and is largely a flat city. Cardiff is also the capital city of Wales.
How many people inhabit it?
The population of Cardiff (both city and urban) is approximately 325,000 people. An estimated 10% of that figure is students alone.
What are the language and the currency?
English and Welsh are spoken in Cardiff and the currency is Pound Sterling.
  • Cardiff Bay
Cardiff Bay

Things to see in Cardiff

Cardiff Castle is a must see!
What is Cardiff's number one attraction?
For such a small city centre, Cardiff city has a lot to do in a small area. One of its top attractions is the historic Cardiff Castle.
What makes it so special?
Well, it's steeped in over 2000 years of history and is built on the foundations of an old Roman fort. Guided tours of Cardiff Castle are available and you can also climb to the top of the Norman Keep for some amazing views of Cardiff city and surrounds.
Anything else which shouldn't be missed in Cardiff?
The Millennium Stadium is a must-see whether you are a sports fan or not. This world-class stadium opened in 1999 with the Rugby World Cup and is now home to Welsh national teams. Another must-see is The Wales Millennium Centre. Opened in 2004, this is now probably one of the country’s finest pieces of architecture. It is also regarded as one of the world’s most iconic arts and cultural centres.
What about art and culture?
As mentioned above, The Wales Millennium Centre is a must-see for art and culture in Cardiff. Not only is this a beautiful landmark, it is also a centre for performing arts with all sorts of shows, exhibitions and lots more. Cardiff is also home to some great museums and galleries. The National Museum of Cardiff houses the country’s national archaeology, art, geology and natural history collections. It also hosts some major touring and temporary exhibitions. St. Fagans National History Museum is one of Europe’s leading open-air museums and is a great heritage attraction.
Where can you find Cardiff’s best architecture?
Once a largely industrial city, Cardiff has become a modern and vibrant city which is reflected in its architecture. The old historic architecture of Cardiff can be found around Cardiff Castle. If you are looking to see the more modern side of Cardiff then take a walk around the Cardiff Bay area. Here you will find the cosmopolitan side of Cardiff city, with many bars and restaurants as well as The Wales Millennium Centre which is regarded as the country’s most iconic piece of modern architecture.
Anything else I need to know about Cardiff?
Don’t forget that Cardiff is in a bay area and there are a lot of boat trips and attractions available. There are also some great walks along the harbour and sea. Cardiff makes an ideal case for exploring the rest of Wales too so look into some day trips to the surrounding countryside.

Going out in Cardiff

Cardiff Bay is a nightlife hotspot!
Is it expensive to go out in Cardiff?
Cardiff is renowned for its nightlife due to the huge amount of pubs and clubs that can be found in such a small area. Because of all this competition there is a good selection of prices, offers and promotions all over the city. And don’t forget that there is a vibrant student population around Cardiff also so keep an eye out for popular student bars and offers, particularly midweek.
Do I need to carry my ID with me when going out?
If you look young then it might be a good idea to bring ID with you. Also, nightclubs will usually ask for ID.
Is there anything to do that doesn't include alcohol?
If pubs and clubs are not your thing well lucky for you Cardiff’s cinemas and theatres are a huge part of the city’s nightlife. The Wales Millennium Theatre hosts operas, ballets and West End musicals, while in St. David’s Hall in the city centre you can check out orchestras, live music and comedy gigs. For film lovers make sure you check out the listings at the Chapter Arts Centre, The Odeon or Cineworld.
Anything else I need to know?
You can’t smoke in bars or restaurants in Cardiff so don’t light up inside. Also, Cardiff plays host to a lot of sporting and cultural events throughout the year which brings lots more people to the city.

Eating Out in Cardiff

Cardiff has lots of great restaurants!
Is it expensive to eat out in Cardiff?
It has never been easier to eat out in Cardiff as this Welsh city has become a hotspot full of restaurants offering a great choice for all tastes and budgets!
Where is the best selection of restaurants in the city?
The city centre offers a host of choice for diners with all types of restaurants on offer. You will find them around Brewery Quarter, Mill Lane, St Mary Street and Eastside in St David's. There is also a great selection by the waterfront in the Cardiff Bay area.
Are international cuisines well represented?
You will find all types of cuisine all over Cardiff, from Thai to Turkish, Spanish and more. There’s also a great selection of Welsh cuisine on offer.
Anything else I need to know?
Cardiff has a great reputation for its cuisine and especially for its award-winning restaurants. It also hosts some of the UK’s top chefs' famous eateries around the city. So, even if you are on a budget, try and get one nights' dining in these restaurants.

Transport in Cardiff

Cardiff bus
How many different modes of public transport are there in Cardiff?
There are four main modes of transport around the city – rail, bus, taxi and water transport! Trains run regularly from Cardiff’s Queen Street station to Cardiff Bay and lots of other city stops. Trains from here also link to other towns and cities outside of Cardiff. The bus in Cardiff provides a substantial service and most of the routes will follow an anti-clockwise direction around the city-centre. You can purchase a single ticket to anywhere in Cardiff for £1.70 adult and £1.20 child. You can buy tickets from the driver and must have the exact change.
If you want to take a taxi then there are a large amount of black and white cabs all over Cardiff operated by different companies. The main taxi ranks in Cardiff are at Cardiff Central Station, Wood Street, St Mary Street and Greyfriars Road. And for something different, take a water taxi to/from the city centre.
Is there one ticket which covers bus/train/subway?
No, but if you plan on using the bus more than once in a day then make sure you buy a Day to Go ticket as this will allow you unlimited travel for the day at a cost of £3.40 for an adult and £2.20 for a child.
Will I need to use public transport at all?
Cardiff is a flat city so walking around it on a nice day can be very pleasant. If you want to get from the city centre to Cardiff Bay it is worth using one of the above options.

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